Oil and Gas Exploration: Methods and Application present a summary of new results related to oil and gas prospecting that are useful for theoreticians and practical professionals. The study of oil and gas complexes  intrusions occurring in sedimentary basins is crucial for identifying the location of oil and gas fields and for making accurate predictions on oil findings.For exploring petroleum and natural gas, Geo Alps provides 2D and 3D reflection seismic surveys on land; covering areas with difficult field conditions. Stratigraphy sequences are generally used to explain issues of lithofacies interpretation, stratigraphic distribution patterns, and depositional environments based on a genetically related isochronostratigraphic framework. Seismic data, logging information, and outcrop data are all used to build a research issue.


The concept of  stratigraphy sequence was first proposed by Vail et al. in 1977 and was based on seismic stratigraphy. He studied the stratal sedimentary patterns from the coastal plain to the shelf slope of a passive continental margin and conceived the idea of a stratigraphy sequence. His research centered on strata with repeated and genetically related chronostratigraphic units bounded by erosion surfaces, nondeposition surfaces, or unconformity surfaces. With these concepts, we can interpret stratal distribution patterns using seismic, logging, and outcrop data to understand concomitant sedimentary environments, lithofacies characteristics, and eustasy. From the oil and gas exploration perspective, stratigraphy sequence research is used to establish a subtle isochronic stratal framework by making full use of seismic, logging, outcrop, and experimental data. By analyzing the systematic development, evolution, and distribution of sediment from this perspective we can improve the predictability of lithologic traps.